Like other Afzelia spp., the wood of Afzelia africana is characterized by an excellent stability with little susceptibility to variations in humidity. Afzelia africana is a medium to large deciduous tree up to 40 m high. It is mostly used for its high-grade timber but has good potential to provide. Benin; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d’Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau;.
|Published (Last):||7 March 2009|
|PDF File Size:||7.7 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||14.15 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Pods flattened x x 3. Root powder is applied externally to treat rheumatism.
Afzelia africana (PROTA) – PlantUse English
The afzelai properties of Afzelia africana wood concerning dimensional stability and high natural durability are comparable to some well-known timbers such as merbau Intsia spp.
Views Read View source View history. The wood is also used as firewood and for charcoal production. A plant of the lowland moist tropics where it can be found at elevations up to metres[ ]. The wood saws afezlia when good equipment is used; it contains little silica less than 0.
Afzelia africana – Wikipedia
Root decoctions or macerations are used to treat stomach complaints, convulsions, trypanosomiasis and hernia, and as antidote. Further, the leaves afzleia used to enrich the soil as it adricana rich in nitrogen. Logs of Afzelia africana are too heavy to be transported by river. Archived aafzelia the original on The seed aril is edible and reportedly sweet; precaution is needed because the seed has been reported to be toxic, although it is used as soup condiment in Nigeria and is rich in oil and used as thickening agent.
Tungsten-carbide-tipped cutting tools are recommended in planing and moulding africanx. Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value. It prefers moist or wet soil. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Afzelia africana. To obtain a rapid and homogenous germination, pre-treatment of the seeds is needed. It is an oblong, straight flattened, dehiscent pod, cm long x cm broad, brown to black in colour. The wood is durable and treatment with preservatives is unnecessary, even for usage in permanent humid conditions or in localities where wood-attacking insects are abundant.
Afzelia africana is a multipurpose tree suitable for use in agroforestry systems.
The coproduct of oil extraction is a seed cake that can be fed to livestock. Fodder value of three browse forage species for growing goats. Fodder potential and acceptability of selected tree leaves by goats.
Afzelia africana is found on a wide variety of soil types, often on hardpans of calcareous, sandy or ferralitic soils, on steep slopes, as well as in depressions and in regularly inundated sites. Afzelia Africana provides shade and shelter to hunters that wait for wildlife.
In nursery tests, inoculation with ectomycorrhizae did not result in increased growth; possibly endomycorrhizae play a role in early tree growth.
Afzelia africana is characteristic for the transition zone between wooded savanna and dense dry forest, and for dense semi-deciduous forest in more humid regions. In a decoction or prepared with food, it is a treatment for back-ache[ ]. Plants can tolerate occasional inundation of the soil[ ].
The PFAF Bookshop
Several other flavonoids have been isolated from the wood. The seeds may be a useful nutrient source for humans and animals, but further toxicological studies are needed. Once this critical period has passed, young trees may grow up to 1 m per year in height. The wood paints and varnishes well, but wood zones close to the centre of the log may contain afaelia substances that arricana down drying of varnish and may cause problems in painting.
It does not require treatment prior to usage in permanent humid conditions or in places where insects are abundant. The heartwood is durable, with an excellent afelia to fungal, termite and borer attacks, but it is liable to marine borers. However, methods of sustainable management should be investigated.
QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone cameras. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.
A leaf decoction, combined with Syzygium guineensis leaves and Xylopia fruit, forms a drink that is used to treat oedema[ ].
The seeds are dispersed by birds such as hornbills, which feed on the arils. Sliced veneer of good quality can be produced, but the wood is not suitable for peeling.
Tender young leaves – occasionally cooked afzslia eaten as a vegetable[ ]. However, they rarely develop into larger saplings. Articles needing additional references from September All articles needing additional references Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is on Wikidata Taxonomy articles created by Polbot All stub articles.
It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1, – 1,mm, but tolerates 1, – 2,mm[ ]. Habit in Senegalwith foliage below.
Trees usually flower in the rainy season. The available research results show interesting leads for the development of new drugs, and additional research is strongly recommended.